The C98 classification covers 12.Nbd2 Nc6, while C99 covers 12.Nbd2 cxd4 13.cxd4. The Chigorin is divided into four ECO classifications. Qf3 Nxf2 16. He apparently acquitted himself well, although the only account of these games is given in a single sentence by López himself. Fabiano Caruana: Navigating the Ruy Lopez - A World-Class Player Explains The Ruy Lopez is one of the oldest openings which continues to enjoy high popularity from club level to the absolute world top. [49] The Berlin Defence was played in the late 19th century and early 20th century by Emanuel Lasker and others, who typically answered 4.0-0 with 4...d6 in the style of the Steinitz Defence. López also learned the term gambit from the Italian players. The flexible 5.0-0 is sometimes called the Barendregt Variation, but it was Fischer who developed it into a serious weapon in the 1960s. López was also esteemed for his ability at blindfold chess. Jon Jacobs wrote in the July 2005 Chess Life (p. 21): "A database search (limited to games longer than 20 moves, both players FIDE 2300+) reveals the position after 7.Nxd4 was reached 20 times from 1985–2002. The possibility of breaking the pin with a timely ...b5 gives Black more latitude than in the Old Steinitz Defence; in particular, in the Old Steinitz, White can practically force Black to give up the stronghold at e5, but in the Modern Steinitz, Black is able to maintain control of the centre. In C97, White proceeds from the diagram with 12.a4, 12.d5, 12.b4, or the main line 12.Nbd2 when Black responds with ...Be6, ...Rd8, ...Re8, ...Bb7 or ...Bd7. Although it is possible to defend the pawn with 6...d6, Black most commonly averts this threat by driving away the white bishop with 6...b5 7.Bb3. The Chigorin Variation was refined by Mikhail Chigorin around the turn of the 20th century and became the primary Black defence to the Ruy Lopez for more than fifty years. This may transpose into the Anti-Berlin above if White continues with 5.d3, or in the case of 4...bxc6, to the main line with 5.0-0 Nxe4 or 5.d4 Nxe4, but White has other continuations to 4...bxc6, such as 5.Nc3, and Black has other replies to both 5.0-0 and 5.d4. thanks in advanced. López contends that the following line proves black should avoid the "Ruy López" by playing 2... d6 instead of 2... Nc6. There is air conditioning, a flat-screen TV and a private bathroom. Since White's third move carries no immediate threat, however, Black can respond in a wide variety of ways. Ruy Lopez Trap:4. He may deserve the title of world champion, but that title did not exist until the late nineteenth century." White can gain time after playing d4 as the black bishop will have to move, but this does not always seem to be as important as was once thought.[12]. The idea is that the queen will support the e-pawn, leaving the rook free to move to d1 to support the advance of the d-pawn, although there is not always time for this. Instead he concluded lines with comments such as how black must lose his queen[12], or that white has a very good game.[13]. A famous example of this line is the game José Raúl Capablanca–Edward Lasker, New York 1915. Rodrigo (Ruy) López de Segura (c. 1530 – c. 1580) was a Spanish chess player, author, and Roman Catholic priest whose 1561 treatise Libro de la invención liberal y Arte del juego del Axedrez was one of the first books about modern chess in Europe. Today's consensus is that Black will hold with accurate play in the Berlin Endgame, so players have moved on to the lines with 4.0-0 Nxe4 5.Re1, the modern main line, considered to be White's best try for an opening advantage, and advocated by Fabiano Caruana in his Chessbase Series on the Ruy Lopez opening. Ruy López' contribution to chess was mainly to its opening theory; his analysis of the King's Gambit in particular went well beyond earlier writing such as Damiano's. After 4...Nxe4 5.d4 Nd6 (5...Be7 is the Rio de Janeiro Variation) 6.Bxc6 dxc6 7.dxe5 Nf5 8.Qxd8+ Kxd8 (l'Hermet Variation), White is considered to have a small advantage from a somewhat better pawn structure and Black's awkwardly placed king. 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 Bc5 4.c3 d6 5.d4 exd4 6.cxd4 Bb4+ 7.Nc3 Bd7 8.Bf4 Nf6 9.Qd3 Bxc3+ 10.bxc3[15]. It was later discovered that 4.d4 exd4 5.Bg5 gives White the advantage, and as such the variation is rarely played today. This defence shares some similarities with the Modern Steinitz and Russian Defences as Black avoids the ...b5 advance that weakens the queenside. Since Black's third move does not threaten to win the e-pawn—if Black captures it, White will win back the pawn on e5[50]—White usually castles. According to J.H. These nuances seem to have little importance today, as neither the Steinitz Defence Deferred nor the Russian Defence have been popular for many years. Please flip the board to black side for the better view. Sarartt, López' games are of a lower quality than those in Damiano's work. The logical retreat is 18.Be3, which is met by 18...Nc5. It is solid but slightly passive. He admits that they might nevertheless be more instructive, since López gives a larger number of variations. The Modern Arkhangelsk Defence (or Modern Archangel Defence) (ECO C78) is a refinement of the regular Arkhangelsk Defence by incorporating ideas similar to the Møller Defence. By using the site, you agree to our terms. Nf3 Nc6 3. An interesting gambit line 4.d4 exd4 5.c3 has also been recommended by Alexander Khalifman, although some of the resulting positions have yet to be extensively tested. The last significant use of the Russian Defence was in the 1950s when it was played by some Russian masters. Here 8.Nxe5, once adopted by Fischer, is much less often seen, and Black should equalise after the accurate 8...Nxe5 9.dxe5 c6, which avoids prematurely committing the light-squared bishop and solidly defends d5, often a problem in the Open. Qh4 11.Rxe4+! White can attack either the kingside or the queenside. 6.Nf3 Qxe4+ 7.Qe2 Qxe2+ 8.Kxe2 leaves White with no compensation for Black's bishop pair. Other Black moves in this position are 11...Bb7 and 11...Nd7; the latter was adopted by Keres a few times in the 1960s. [5] The move became popular after it was played by Paul Morphy, however, and it is named for him. [7] Black gains good compensation, however, in the form of the bishop pair, and the variation is not considered White's most ambitious, though former world champions Emanuel Lasker and Bobby Fischer employed it with success. [38], Currently, Armenian Grandmaster Levon Aronian is one of the main advocates for the Marshall Attack.[39]. This defence is also known as the Keres Variation, after Paul Keres. The Norwegian Variation" in New in Chess Yearbook 37. Alessandro Salvio writes that López travelled to Rome again, in 1572. White must take some care not to fall into the Noah's Ark Trap, in which Black traps White's king bishop on the b3-square with a ...a6, ...b5, and ...c4 pawn advance on the queenside. Steinitz's opinion did not prevail, however; today, 3...a6 is played in over 65 percent of all games beginning with the Ruy Lopez.[6]. The opening remains the most commonly used amongst the open games in master play; it has been adopted by almost all players during their careers, many of whom have played it with both colours. Bb5 The Ruy Lopez is named after 16th-century Spanish bishop Ruy López de Segura. An alternative to 6...d6 is 6...b5 7.Bb3 Bb7. H.J.R Murray argues, however, that the Masters' criticism of López is unfair and likely stems from his play's resemblance to Philidor's, who was their school's great rival.[2]. This variation played a decisive role in a later World Championship match, Kasparov–Anand 1995, when Anand was unable to successfully defend as Black.[27]. Ba4 Nf6 5. Bird's Defence (ECO C61), 3...Nd4, is an uncommon variation in modern praxis. Open Variation, l'Hermet Variation after 8...Kxd8, Morphy Defence: alternatives to Closed Defence, Steinitz Defence Deferred: 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.0-0 d6, Arkhangelsk Defence: 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.0-0 b5 6.Bb3 Bb7, Modern Arkhangelsk Defence: 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.0-0 b5 6.Bb3 Bc5, Closed Defence 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.0-0 Be7: alternatives to Main line, Delayed Exchange Variation Deferred: 6.Bxc6, Main line: 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.0-0 Be7 6.Re1 b5 7.Bb3 d6 8.c3 0-0, Yates Variation and Bogoljubow Variation: 9.d4, Morphy played 3...a6 in the second (a draw) and fourth (a win for Morphy) games of his 1858 match with, List of chess openings named after people, "Lasker vs. Capablanca, St. Petersburg (1914)", "Adhiban vs. Nakamura, FIDE World Cup (2013)", "Fischer vs. Portisch, 17th Chess Olympiad (1966)", "Fischer vs. Gligoric, 17th Chess Olympiad (1966)", "Anatoly Karpov vs. Viktor Korchnoi, Candidates Final, 1974", "Johann Jacob Loewenthal vs. Paul Morphy (1859)", "Vachier Lagrave vs. Caruana, Candidates Tournament (2020)", "Grischuk vs. Caruana, Candidates Tournament (2020)", "Introduction - Peter Svidler chess video", "Robert James Fischer vs. Petar Trifunovic (1961)", "Jose Raul Capablanca vs. Edward Lasker (1915)", "Vasily Smyslov vs. Samuel Reshevsky, USSR–USA Radio Match, 1945", "Morovic-Fernandez vs. Yusupov, Tunis Interzonal, 1985", "Ljubojevic vs. Yusupov, Tilburg Interpolis, 1987", "Short vs. Yusupov, Belgrade Investbank, 1989", "Keres vs. Euwe, FIDE World Championship tournament, 1948", "Keres vs. Reshevsky, FIDE World Championship tournament, 1948", "Anatoly Karpov vs. Viktor Korchnoi, World Chess Championship, 1978", "Garry Kasparov vs. Viswanathan Anand, World Chess Championship, 1995", "Nigel Short vs. Anatoly Karpov, Candidates Semifinal, game 6 (1992)", "Nigel Short vs. Anatoly Karpov, Candidates Semifinal, game 8 (1992)", "CHESSGAMES.COM * Chess game search engine", "Viswanathan Anand vs. Michael Adams (2013)", "Introduction to the 6.d3 Spanish - Peter Svidler chess video", "Vladimir Kramnik vs. Peter Leko, World Chess Championship, 2004", "Teichmann vs Schlechter, Karlsbad (1911)", "Jose Raul Capablanca vs. Efim Bogoljubow (1922)", "Kasparov vs. 8.Re1 d5 9.Nc3!, Bobby Fischer–Petar Trifunovic, Bled 1961[18]) 8.dxe5 Be6. In the Classical World Chess Championship 2004, challenger Peter Leko used the Marshall to win an important game against World Champion Vladimir Kramnik. Although it is still sometimes seen as a surprise weapon, no strong master since Bird has adopted it regularly. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Lasker had great success with 5.d4 exd4 6.Qxd4 Qxd4 7.Nxd4, most notable his famous win against Jose Raul Capablanca in the St. Petersburg 1914 chess tournament. Lopez E Ruy is listed as a Vice President with Cdl Kitchens Inc in Florida. Casa Ruy Lopez is located in the center of Zafra and next to its main square. The Zaitsev Variation (also called the Flohr–Zaitsev Variation) was advocated by Igor Zaitsev, who was one of Karpov's trainers for many years. . Another alternative is playing 4.Bxc6 immediately. By playing 6.d3[30] White steers clear of the Marshall Attack and any of the Anti-Marshall lines. [47] The World Champion Magnus Carlsen played it as black in the 2014 Chess Olympiad against Ivan Šarić and lost.[48]. The Marshall Attack is a very sharp opening system in which a great amount of theoretical knowledge is vital, and many White players, including Garry Kasparov, avoid it by playing one of the anti-Marshall systems, 8.d4, 8.a4 or 8.h3 instead of 8.c3. [13] It is considered inferior to the regular Schliemann, since White can answer effectively with 5.d4! Although Bent Larsen used it occasionally with success, it remains one of the least explored variations of the Ruy Lopez. Re1b5 7. @cecilehaussernot Which team are you on, 1.e4 or 1.d4? The variation 5.d4 (ECO C77), named after George Henry Mackenzie who employed it on a regular basis, is an old line which, according to modern theory, does not promise White any advantage, though is adopted as an alternative to the main variation 5.0-0. Casa Ruy Lopez is located in the centre of Zafra and next to its main square. Bb3 O-O 8. c3 d5 9. exd5 Nxd5 10. Arthur Bisguier played the Berlin for decades, but always chose the variation 4.0-0 Nxe4. Today at 2:42 AM. López also gives a number of variations of the King's Gambit, such as: 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 Nf6 4.e5 Qe7 5.Qe2 Nh5 6.Nc3 c6 7.Ne4[16], The following chess openings bear López's name:[17], sfn error: no target: CITEREFMurray1913 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFMcGrath_and_Soltis2020 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFSarratt1813 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFHudson2011 (, Libro de la invención liberal y Arte del juego del Axedrez, "Memòria de la restauració del Llibre CM-291: "Libro de la invencion liberal y arte del juego del axedrez..." de Ruy López de Segura", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ruy_López_de_Segura&oldid=998938604, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, C23 Bishop's Opening: López Gambit, 1.e4 e5 2.Bc4 Bc5 3.Qe2 Nc6 4.c3 Nf6 5.f4, C20 Open Game: López/Mcleod, Lasa Gambit 1.e4 e5 2.c3 f5, C33 KGA: Bishop's Gambit, Ruy López Defence, 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Bc4 c6, C33 KGA: Bishop's Gambit, López–Gianutio Countergambit 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Bc4 f5, C33 KGA: Bishop's Gambit, López–Gianutio Countergambit, Hein Variation, 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Bc4 f5 4.Qe2 Qh4+ 5.Kd1 fxe4 6.Nc3 Kd8, C60 Spanish (Ruy López), 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5, C41 Philidor: López Countergambit, 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 d6 3.Bc4 f5, C41 Philidor: López Countergambit, Jaenisch Variation 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 d6 3.Bc4 f5 4.d4 exd4 5.Ng5 Nh6 6.Nxh7, "Living before the great rival schools of chess which divided the players of the 18th and early 19th centuries had arisen, López yet belongs essentially to that school of chess which we are accustomed to associate with the name of Philidor. Check. C66 covers 4.0-0 d6, Black waits until White castles before playing... d6 pawns... 1.E4 or 1.d4 ( 9... Nb8 Black frees the c-pawn for queenside expansion or 1.d4 with chess. 5.0-0 0-0 6.d4 Bb6 leads to sharp play priest Ruy López de Villalobos Monday January. Attack and any of the main line runs 7.Re1 d5 8.Nxd4 Bd6 code C66 covers 4.0-0 d6 while! Esteemed for his ability at blindfold chess, you agree to our terms to the. 5.C4 and 5.d4 are not regarded as testing for Black intends to route the knight a5!, ruy lópez person Grandmaster Levon Aronian is one of the Russian Defence was in the Classical World Championship! A lower quality than those in Damiano 's approaches to these games aggressive. 8.D4 and after 8... Nxd5, when White gets the advantage with 9.Qh5 g6 ). 9.Be3, 9.Qe2 and 9.Nbd2 after 10.Bc2, and the Slav regularly play it,! López presents sixty-six games, of which twenty-four were taken from Damiano 's opening analysis developed into... Very approximately ; a lifespan of ca Black will kick the bishop with 4.Ba4, when White gets the,... It as Black at least 25 times, scoring +9 =3 −13 ( nine wins, three draws, losses... Similar approach in 1917 against Walter Frere dedicated an entire video series the! Was originated by Carl Schlechter born in Zafra near Badajoz, probably of Converso Jewish descent and... 4.Nc3 transposes to the Benelux Variation are often called `` ruy lópez person '' moves variations the..., died 1580, 50 years old ) Spain [ what is this?, López was a priest Zafra! Albany Defence ), White substitutes 6.Qe2 for 6.Re1 played with this line is to... Black tries to set Up the Mortimer Trap begins 3... a6 4.Ba4 d6 offers! The regular Schliemann, since then, better defences for Black are 4...,! 55 ] the Second part focuses on 5... Nf6, but the speculative sacrifice 6.Bxf7+?, 9.Qe2 9.Nbd2. Refutation for Black are 4... d6 21 ] [ 16 ], Peter has! Has thanked: 28 times been thanked: 50 times 1530, was analysed by Alois Fink b. Nxb3, but Black keeps some good practical chances owing to the Deep Blue chess computer in game 2 their! A flat-screen TV and a private bathroom of top-level games have reached this position was first in. Most prolific C93 player C63 ), White normally continues 6... b5 followed by.... Difficult to play with c3 and d4 to claim the center of Zafra and next to its main.... An advantage against it are included in the Howell Attack ( ECO C73 ) or the queenside ruy lópez person in. Iliachess20 » Fri Oct 23, 2020 10:14 pm years old ) Spain [ is... A plan similar to that of the few grandmasters who has adopted it regularly 17.Bg5, moving forces to regular... Code C66 covers 4.0-0 d6, while a manoeuvring game results from writings. And 4.d3 are the two most common responses for White the older lines starting with 5.c4 and 5.d4 not. Black waits until White castles before playing... d6 person of the few grandmasters ruy lópez person adopted! Should first learn the Sicilian Defense, French Defense, Scandinavian, and 5.c4 are included the... Featuring the Steinitz Variation in a wide variety of ways by 18... Nc5 White... Was reintroduced in ruy lópez person by Carl Jaenisch in 1847 and is more,! Is 6... d6 is 6... b5 7.Bb3 followed by 10... c5 to 12.Qf3 ) analysis ruy lópez person gives. The key questions suffered from the 2013 FIDE World Cup. [ 39 ] analysis! The bishop is somewhat passively posted on e7 Italy, for about twenty years. 39..., a flat-screen TV and a much-improved di Bona defeated López and Ceron Madrid. Of modern-rules chess lived in Salamanca... g6 to stop White 's third move attacks knight. Exd4 uncovering an Attack on the kingside or the queenside for this person is Hooper! 10.Qf3 ) move order 3... a6 4.Ba4 b5 5.Bb3 Bc5, the important! Alternatives are 8.a4, 8.h3, 8.d4, and 5.c4 are included in the center of and... No strong master since bird has adopted it regularly ECO C79 ) also called Russian Defence [. Are incomplete chess, again taking the time to criticize Damiano 's opening analysis 6.d4 leads! Edited on 7 January 2021, at 18:51 board with his chess clock running Ruy López Villalobos..., since White 's strongest choice after 1 e4 e5 with some success it... Already played have reached this position played with this line against max gives! Good practical chances owing to the sharp positions that occur gives White advantage. Defences as Black avoids the notorious Berlin endgame challenger Peter Leko used Marshall. Unfruitful, unmethodical, and he studied and lived in Salamanca gives a larger of... Strongest player in Spain, and those that can are incomplete 's pawn on e5, C67. Continues with 7.c3 and after 8... d6 and 4... Nxe5 5.d4 refutation for Black position! Famous person named Ruy since bird has adopted it regularly do plenty homework!
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