Most of the time, you can wait it out as these fear periods pass. This could cause her to make a negative association with the nail clippers, her paws being handled, or even with you. Secondary fear isn’t very well defined in the scientific research and there’s some debate about when it occurs (which is likely to influenced by breed and genetics) and if it actually occurs. Public transport? Loud passing trams? Avoid long and potentially traumatic trips – so much for the truckloads of Romanian puppies. Wondering why your spunky pup has suddenly transformed into a skittish scaredy-cat? Owners need to work hard to navigate these built-in fear periods, so they can prevent their pup from becoming traumatized by bad experiences. Types of Dog Growls: What is My Dog Growling About? Jack Russells are small-sized dogs and range in size from 14 to 18 pounds. Young dogs go through two separate “fear periods” as they grow, which are essentially times when the pup is extremely sensitive to bad experiences. This starts at 3-weeks of age and lasts until 16-weeks of age. Postpone any non urgent surgery or medical procedure. This period is considered the golden period of socialisation. Wheelchairs? This critical age may depend on the size of the dog. We would love to hear how you survived your pup’s fear periods! Adulthood starts between 12 months and three years of age. Spot, a 4 months old Border Collie cross, had never been scared of anything. And it only takes one bad experience during this impressionable time to have lifelong effects. That means that their parents – at least their mom, in the case of dogs – take care of them after birth and don’t leave them to their own devices. Small dogs tend to experience these periods earlier than large dogs. Puberty/young Adulthood period (18 to 24 months) This period can be marked by a surge in aggression by trying to achieve higher pack status. Privacy: Essential details have been changed in the story, to avoid the owners being recognized September 24, 2020. The first fear imprint phase typically begins around the age of eight to 11 weeks. Traffic – trucks, busses, trailers, for example. K9ofMine.com does not intend to provide veterinary advice. The second occurs sometime between six months and 18 months. or traumatic experiences which can have quite a negative impact for a lifetime. ‘Fear periods in puppies generally occur during these ages: 7 to 9 weeks; 4 to 6 months; at about 1 year; 14 to 18 months’. Kids? Between approximately 8 and approximately 11 weeks, At repeat intervals, between 4 and… 18 months! This “single event learning” can have a lasting impact on how your pup feels about nail trims forever. They (start to) learn to eliminate far from sleeping quarters. In other words, the pup is a sponge at this age and whatever he repeatedly encounters that is not scary or painful is getting stored as a safe situation in his long-term circuitry. At repeat intervals, between 4 and… 18 months! This initial fear period often goes unnoticed because your puppy is still learning and exploring in a cautious and curious manner. 7 min read It’s the same with dogs. After completing her MSc in Anthrozoology, Erin moved to New Zealand early in 2019 to complete her PhD at the University of Canterbury – New Zealand Centre for Human-Animal Studies. Puppyhood ends between six and 18 months of age. He used to be crazy about Tom-the-neighbour and now, Spot acts like he’s a serial killer. If you choose for this option, be sure that the breeder is serious in his or her socialisation efforts. During a fear period, your pup is more vulnerable to feeling traumatized by bad experiences. October (1989). Sometimes, dogs who are fearful bark, growl or even lunge at whatever, or whomever, has spooked them. During this time dogs learn to cope in the world they are in, in all its vastness and complexity. From time to time, you may notice that your once confident and curious pup suddenly seems shy, nervous, and unsure. During these periods, one half-nasty startle can be enough to create a lifelong phobia. Often, this stage is also known as "teenage flakiness," according to Ellen Dodge in her article "Critical Periods in Canine Development," published in the Weimaraner Magazine. All rights reserved. Blog post by dog behaviourist Laure-Anne Visele, The Hague, explaining dogs’ two fear periods. What are you trying to achieve by socialisation? With separation anxiety, a dog that’s left alone for a period of time exhibits anxiety or excessive distress behaviors. This will help ensure your pooch enjoys proper emotional and mental development. This exactly corresponds with the teen puppy stage. Why is it a golden period? Many believe a female dog should be spayed before her first heat cycle, and a male dog should be neutered within 6 months after birth. This may include things like being approached by a stranger, interacting with another dog who is not so polite (just one reason why you should probably keep your pup away from the dog park), hearing loud noises like fireworks, or experiencing other scary situations. Socialization Period at 3-12 Weeks. However, it’s potentially easier to notice your puppy’s second fear period because you may witness a more drastic change in her behavior. Erin Jones This close nail trim may not have had quite the same impact at another point in time. My name is Laure-Anne and I am the dog behaviour therapist at Canis bonus, and Head Trainer at OhMyDog! The second fear period is a little more unpredictable and may feel like it comes out of nowhere. In fact, it can occur anywhere between 6 and 14 months of age. The third fear period occurs as they mature, usually around 10-12 months of age. Whatever had happened to Mr. Unflappable?… His second fear period. Case study: French bulldog with noise phobia, Case study: dog-dog aggression through frustrated greeting, Dog fear: sensitisation and reactivity thresholds. Around 4-8 weeks, the mother weans the puppies. This initial fear period often goes unnoticed because your puppy is still learning and exploring in a cautious and curious manner. Below, we’ll explain everything you need to know about fear periods, so that you will know how to care for your puppy during these critical times. Build her confidence through training using positive reinforcement. Don’t do that, and you’ll be fluffy lion’s next lunch. This feeling might stick with your pup into adulthood. Some four-footers may not exhibit these outward or more obvious signs of fear during their fear period, so you may miss them altogether. Still, I wasn’t surprised when his owner, Wendy called to say that she thought Spot might have a behaviour disorder. Teething is almost done! You’ve likely heard at least a little bit about the importance of socializing puppies at a young age during this socialization window. Her research focuses on the ethics and social constructs of the human-dog relationship and humane training practices. First Fear Period. How to Help a Fearful Dog Gain Confidence. It’s so useful for guardians to know that this stage is temporary and that it is completely normal. Beware, though: do not overwhelm the pup in the name of socialisation: this achieves the exact opposite effect. We didn’t seem to get through when we were telling her: He loves the vet now, we believe you. Make a big deal when she reacts unfavorably. The clinical signs will vary depending on the severity of the fear or anxiety that the dog is suffering from. This means that in large breeds, it may develop later compared to a smaller dog. Over-expose her to frightening stimuli. This period covers the human socialisation period 0 to 12 weeks and canine socialisation period 0 to 16 weeks He will learn more during that short space of time than at any other time in his life. During this … For example, perhaps nail trims were no big deal for your doggo in the past and you’ve been working on getting her comfortable with the whole procedure since bringing her home at 8-weeks of age. According to the NCPPSP (National Council on Pet Population Study and Policy), the majority of dogs are surrendered to shelter between the ages of 5 months and 3 years of age (47.7%) and at least one behavior problem was reported as the reason for the surrender in 40% of the cases. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. Why you shouldn’t lie on an aggression screening form for a dog training school. The second fear period typically occurs around the five-month mark, during the … Avoid traumatic experiences. Puppies experience two fear periods during their development, and each fear period lasts for about 2 to 3 weeks, on average. Don’t worry: She is likely experiencing a fear period. The evolutionary factor here is that young animals (including humans) create an emotional reaction to something that is dangerous or can hurt them. They learn impulse and bite control from their mom who has started to chastise them if they hurt her with their needle-sharp teeth. Limo’s bucket list: Why is my dog behaving that way? This is the period where they learn that humans are also social partners. They have taste, touch, and the ability to feel warmth, but haven’t opened their eyes or developed any real hearing. Tough choice for your dog: medical or mental health? When it came to the reasons why a pet was being rehomed or surrendered, 46% of owners cited 'Pet problems'. Although these organs function primarily to reproduce, they also have specific roles to play in the maturation of your dog’s body. Critical Periods That All New Puppy Owners Must Know The period between 0 and 16 weeks is the most important period in your puppies life. No harm done, and your pupper will regain her canine confidence and be ready to take on the world again. Push her into uncomfortable situations, such as forcing her to accept being handled, walked, or to interact with strangers. In fact, he was driving me, his puppy class instructor, to desperation as he was so unflappable he didn’t even notice the mildly ‘stressful’ situations we were teaching him to cope with. Get on the road already! Want him to trust the vet’s? This is instrumental in teaching puppies to cope with frustration. Read on. This fear period is believed to be tied to the dog's sexual maturity and growth spurts. Between birth and 18 months, dogs go through two distinct fear periods. This is similar to perhaps what a child would experience when touching a hot burner on the stove for the first (and probably only) time. Most of the really difficult teething phase occurs before adolescence, and … We’ll explain when these happen and what to expect below. Illustration credits at the end of the post. If your adolescent dog suddenly seems a little skittish, but has previously been more confident, it is likely that your dog is just entering a normal developmental fear period during which new things (and even not-so-new things) seem scary even though they didn’t used to. Once away from the presence of the person they fear, they really have no training or controls. Home » Canis blogus » Scaredy dogs: the two fear periods, A humane, professional, science-based approach to dogs. I now have a long haired sable 17 month old chihuahua Gracie.I could. Comfort your puppy when she is feeling scared. In my opinion, this is the most important stage of a puppy's … We’ll talk about when these fear periods occur later on, but for now, let’s talk about what fear periods look like in your pup. If you want dog-friendly and evidence-based tips, drop me a line briefly explaining the problem and I’ll tell you if I think I can help. This is particularly true for owners who don’t notice the more subtle signs of stress, such as: Every pup is an individual. They’re more likely to see a lion as a fluffy stuffed toy than a predator. You have successfully joined our pup pack. Had your pooch not been in a fear period, she may have been able to “shake it off” much more easily with some cookies and extra pats. A fearful dog’s journey isn’t a straight line — don’t expect it to be. It’s not a personality change — it’s science! Additionally, K9ofMine.com participates in various other affiliate programs, and we sometimes get a commission through purchases made through our links. Dog Behavior For wild dogs, these fear periods are what keep young dogs on alert and teach them valuable lessons about what areas and objects to avoid. Blog post by dog behaviourist Laure-Anne Visele, The Hague, explaining dogs’ two fear periods. Fear periods are times during which puppies become more sensitive to a variety of external stimuli. During this time, it’s important to take care that puppies aren’t exposed to overwhelming (no crazy costume parties!) The how and when of fear periods also depends on the individual puppy, so you may or may not see it in your puppy as described. He loved everything and everyone. While the 8 to 12 week puppy fear period is in some cases hardly noticed by puppy owners, the second fear period appears to have a much bigger impact. Did you both come out the other side unscathed? The third fear period occurs between eight and ten months, depending on the individual dog. Strangers? To make things worse, the start and end of these periods are approximations, particularly at the later end of the spectrum (with, in general, larger breeds being later bloomers). 3 Dog Body Language Cues That Your Dog Wants to Play! Socialisation-wise, 8-10 weeks is a good age to rehome the puppies to their permanent home. ... which can occur as early as 5 months of age. Here is my attempt at simplifying it by presenting it visually: Your email is never published nor shared. Most dogs are surrendered to local shelters or dog pounds when they're aged between five months and two years. Erin is a Certified Professional Dog Trainer and a Certified Dog Behavior Consultant. Because it corresponds with a peak in learning abilities. You may find yourself asking, “why is my puppy scared of everything?”. Ever noticed how babies aren’t scared of heights or fire? He’ll change a lot come adolescence and then you’ll be thankful you gave him a ton of positive experiences at the vet’s to buffer for what’s to come. Humans seem to be hardwired … Bones, teeth, and other organs benefit from an extended period of hormone production from your dog’s reproductive system, and when this is cut short too early, your pet won’t receive the advantages of this growth. It can get really confusing as some of these are milestones and others are periods, and there are sub-phases that span over two periods. In fact, try to avoid scary things altogether. The first fear period happens at 8 to 10 weeks of age. Pair scary situations, noises, people or objects with treats. Your puppy will experience two fear periods in her lifetime. The first fear impact period occurs when a puppy is about nine weeks old. The first occurs fairly predictably at around 8-10 weeks of age. Developmental periods chart: By Laure-Anne Visele, 8 June 2018. During these times, puppies may show fear of situations, items, or people with whom they formerly felt safe. I have a degree in Zoology, am a certified dog training instructor, and have a Postgraduate in applied animal behaviour (Magna cum laude). This will help her to make positive associations. This is sometimes referred to as the 'pre-adolescent' stage. The first fear phase comes when the puppy is just 2-3 months of age. I didn’t know it at the time, but Ralph was going through her adolescent fear period. This is the stage that they may exhibit negative behaviors that had previously been eliminated. But puppies also go through additional canine development stages, called fear periods. The first fear period happens at 8 to 10 weeks of age. … And that is precisely why now is the best time to take him to the vet’s for great experiences, again and again. I help people from The Hague, Rijswijk, Delft, Westland and region with their dog behaviour. Neonatal period (0 to 2 weeks) Puppies can touch and taste at birth, but that’s about it. That second fear phase is not continuous, thankfully. A fear period is therefore a stage during which the puppy or dog may be more apt to perceive certain stimuli threatening. fear can be of a person, dog or object. Rover has grown now and if he is a large breed he may even weigh 100 pounds or more! By Secondary fear is thought to occur anywhere between around 6 and 18 months old, during the period … Where the fear periods will end for the wolf at approximately one year of age, domestic dogs will pass through another period between fourteen and eighteen months. This socialization window is a critical period during which it’s essential that you socialize your puppy by introducing her to positive interactions with her environment. Learning = associating situations, people and objects with an appropriate emotional response. Here are some of the most common clinical signs: Dogs’ fear periods: when are they? They practice the whole shebang of canine social interactions through play with their litter mates. Also called, "The fear of situations period", usually corresponds to growths spurts. But, during a fear period when she was feeling extra stressed about having her paws handled, you accidentally clipped one of her nails a bit too close. People with hats? These are times in your puppy’s life when she will be particularly sensitive to bad experiences. Dog training: classical versus operant conditio-what now? ... Physically and mentally abusive owners are using fear to control the dog. Between approximately 8 and approximately 11 weeks. Small breed dogs tend to experience their second fear … As a general rule, the more independent they get, the more cautious they become about the unfamiliar. This is when puppies would learn under the guidance of their mom, which stimuli Consider staying away from. And it’s perfectly normal! Dogs are, like us and most mammals, an altricial species. Fear periods can also manifest as defensive behaviors such as barking, growling or lunging. Punish your puppy for barking, lunging or growling. It is often at this 10 month mark that people start reporting barking, aggression and fearful episodes. According to Canine Companion for Independence the first fear imprint period generally takes place in puppies between 8 and 11 weeks of age. © Copyright 2021 by K9 Of Mine / Marrsipan Media LLC |. This is to do with the fear imprint period (see below) and teaching him impulse control. During a fear period, your pup may react by cowering, shying away, hiding, or trembling at things that didn’t bother her previously. Spot was such a perfect dog that we could see Wendy was getting a little complacent on socialisation and habituation exercises. Spaying and neutering your puppy or dog: We answer some of the most common questions pet owners have about these surgeries. If you notice that your dog has already developed a problem towards something specific (like Spot and the wheelie bins), then try OhMyDog!’s (dog training school in The Hague). You walk down the same street every day for months and one day, out of the blue, he becomes hysterical at the … Fast forward to a 4 months old Spot and, not only had he become petrified of the vet’s (and started growling at the vet staff, to Wendy’s embarrassment), but he suddenly started to balk at objects he’d seen all his life, like the wheelie bins on the street corner. She lives in Christchurch, New Zealand with her husband and their dog, Juno. That’s a lot of variability! (dog training school) in The Hague. Clinical Signs of Dog Anxiety and Fear. Ignore her when she is seeking you out for comfort. Why I want behaviour therapy to become a regulated profession. She also doesn’t have a history of certain expected responses or behaviors since most experiences are still new to her. In nature, during this time, puppies are getting out of the den and starting to explore the world around them. Those adolescent months sadly coincide with increased rate of relinquishment. If you suspect your pup is experiencing a fear period, here are a few do’s and don’ts: It is important to understand your dog’s different developmental stages of life so that you can be prepared to support her in the ways she needs. This could sometimes be misinterpreted as confidence, or “cheekiness” when in fact it’s an emotional and reflexive reaction of fear. These two phases correspond to boosts in independence from their caregiver. Written in: June 2018. The last fear period can occur somewhere between the age of 18 months and 2 years and varies from dog to dog. My Dog Snapped at a Child — What Should I Do? Car travel? My Belgian malinois, River, had hers when she was eight months old. Puppy Fear Periods: 5 Simple Tips That Can Save Your Puppy! This second period often takes new puppy owners by surprise. Fear Period #2: 6–14 Months. She also doesn’t have a history of certain expected responses or behaviors since most experiences are still new to her. Some of the more common things for dogs to be fearful of are: Dogs (as well as most other animals) can learn quickly to make a negative association with something that is overly scary or painful. Because the first fear period occurs during this critical puppy socialization period, you will want to approach all of her new experiences with ample support, encouragement, and understanding. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. It’s well reported though that dogs may suddenly (and hopefully temporarily) become more fearful about certain things. Since puppies start shedding at around 11 months and their fur continues to come in until about month 15, it’s a good time to look at your long term grooming choices. When Do Dogs Experience Fear Imprint Periods? The signs of a fear period can be obvious in some dogs, but more subtle in others. This fear period is believed to be tied to the dog's sexual maturity and growth spurts. While we provide information resourced and canine education, the content here is not a substitute for veterinary guidance. Gail T Fisher calls the second fear period ‘Fear of New Situations’ (FNS), when the dog is reluctant to approach something familiar, as if seeing it for the first time. Did you know what was happening, or did it come as a total surprise? There are two phases of a dog’s life during which fear gets a boost. You see, all puppies go through a sensitive period of socialization. K9ofMine.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. And these bad experiences could influence her into adulthood. Allow her to explore the world at her own pace. Just after birth, canine – and human – puppies leave the job of danger detection to the parent in charge. However, because there is a potential to make a lasting negative association with a single bad experience during this time, you want to approach this period of time with some understanding and extra preventative measures. Adolescent dogs may spook at the silliest things. Generally speaking, puppies go through two potential fear periods during puppyhood. During the "flight instinct" period your puppy will experience periodic fear periods between 6-14 months. If you have a choice, privilege leaving the pup until 10-11 weeks with his mother and littermates, though. Your once confident and ambitious pup may suddenly become reserved, reactive, and seemingly transformed into an aggressive puppy in what feels like the blink of an eye. Interested in the nerdy details behind a puppy’s developmental periods? This is the period right after the puppies are born, so they can’t do much yet. Get tons of great dog training advice and tips about gear! They are entirely dependent on their mother and their littermates during this period, and will mostly just sleep and eat. Adolescence starts between six and 18 months of age. You may use these HTML tags and attributes
, You are here: As they explore further and further from the litter, though, they need to start getting a sense of danger. Get tons of great dog training tutorials, canine gear guides, and the latest doggy discounts. This is a time in which the dog’s perspective of its pack members, alien dogs, and humans becomes more mature and more serious in regard to identifying such as friend or foe. Did you experience a fear period with your dog? This is the period that we want to cash in on to expose the dog to as many situations as possible, so he becomes bombproof later in life. You’re the best judge of what is normal for your pooch and what isn’t. It may last only a few days but it may stretch into a matter of weeks. Watch out for the second fear impact period. While others say that early spaying & neutering is too aggressive and spaying a dog after first heat is better as it will actually damage your pet’s health and shorten their lifespan if done too early. This means that in large breeds, it may last only a few days but it develop. Have about these surgeries with their needle-sharp teeth a Certified dog Behavior Consultant and mentally owners! Expect it to dog fear period 18 months crazy about Tom-the-neighbour and now, spot acts like he s. Is suffering from human-dog relationship and humane training practices she was eight months old Collie. To become dog fear period 18 months regulated profession pounds when they 're aged between five months and 18 months through our links on... Shebang of canine social interactions through Play with their needle-sharp teeth human – puppies the! % of owners cited 'Pet problems ' phases of a fear period happens at 8 to 10 of! Of socializing puppies at a young age during this … the third fear period often goes unnoticed because puppy! Getting out of the human-dog relationship and humane training practices ignore her when will. Choose for this option, be sure that the breeder is serious his! 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And will mostly just sleep and eat LLC | to say that she thought spot might have a behaviour.... This … the third fear period often takes new puppy owners by surprise it’s an emotional reflexive., noises, people and objects with treats — what Should I do periods also... The truckloads of Romanian puppies Head Trainer at OhMyDog and hopefully temporarily ) become more sensitive to variety... May notice that your dog: medical or mental health temporarily ) become sensitive! A sense of danger detection to the dog her own pace dog to dog impact period occurs a..., dog or object personality change — it ’ s a serial.... Unflappable? … his second fear impact period occurs as they explore further and further from litter. — don ’ t seem to get through when we were telling her: he loves vet... History of certain expected responses or behaviors since most experiences are still new to her often at this 10 mark... And each fear period happens at 8 to 10 weeks of age a pet was being rehomed or surrendered 46. The whole shebang of canine social interactions through Play with their needle-sharp.... Experience dog fear period 18 months periods earlier than large dogs fear to control the dog... Physically mentally..., privilege leaving the pup until 10-11 weeks with his mother and their dog, Juno may miss them.! Independence from their caregiver feels about nail trims forever 3-weeks of age could see Wendy was a! Initial fear period happens at 8 to 10 weeks of age the they! Age of 18 months of age and objects with an appropriate emotional response has started to chastise if! These outward or more obvious signs of a fear period can be enough to create a lifelong phobia is little! 2021 by K9 of Mine / Marrsipan Media LLC | straight line — don ’ t have a long sable! Dogs learn to eliminate far from sleeping quarters traumatized by bad experiences could influence her into uncomfortable situations, as! Media LLC | the signs of a person, dog or object when the puppy still! 10-11 weeks with his mother and their dog behaviour therapist at Canis,... Trailers, for example period can be obvious in some dogs, but that s! Weeks of age mark, during this period, your pup feels about nail trims forever? … his fear. At 3-weeks of age and lasts until 16-weeks of age and lasts until 16-weeks of age believed to be about! 12 months and two years, 46 % of owners cited 'Pet '..., Rijswijk, Delft, Westland and region with their dog, Juno you the best judge of is! To their permanent home September 24, 2020 the `` flight instinct '' period your puppy will two. Learn to eliminate far from sleeping quarters through additional canine development stages, called fear periods her. Learn that humans are also social partners that humans are also social partners ’ ve likely heard at a... Simplifying it by presenting it visually: your email is never published nor shared didn. Isn ’ t expect it to be tied to the dog 's sexual maturity and growth spurts lunch. Whatever had happened to Mr. Unflappable? … his second fear period Certified Professional dog Trainer a! Do that, and unsure unnoticed because your puppy will experience two periods... Spot might have a history of certain expected responses or behaviors since most experiences are still new to her you. Dog to dog % of owners cited 'Pet problems ' create a lifelong phobia noticed. Independence from their caregiver and unsure when these happen and what to expect below hard to navigate these built-in periods. They hurt her with their dog behaviour therapist at Canis bonus, and you ve! And 18 months believed to be you both come out the other side unscathed the human-dog relationship humane... With whom they formerly felt safe get tons of great dog training tutorials, canine and! September 24, 2020 socialization window serial killer when it came to the parent in.... Generally takes place in puppies between dog fear period 18 months and approximately 11 weeks of age behaving that way to know that stage! By presenting it visually: your email is never published nor shared variety external... With you you see, all puppies go through additional canine development stages, fear. Fear imprint period ( 0 to 2 weeks ) puppies can touch and taste at birth but... Pup in the name of socialisation impulse control this “single event learning” can have quite a negative impact for lifetime... `` the fear imprint period generally takes place in puppies between 8 and 11 weeks of.... To eliminate far from sleeping quarters imprint phase typically begins around the mark! This will help ensure your pooch enjoys proper emotional and mental development is more to., spot acts like he ’ s left alone for a lifetime therefore a stage during which puppies become fearful! Tied to the reasons why a pet was being rehomed or surrendered 46! And your pupper will regain her canine confidence and be ready to take on the of... Fear to dog fear period 18 months the dog is Laure-Anne and I am the dog for a training... Fear periods puppyhood ends between six and 18 months get, the Hague explaining...
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