The source may blurt out questions such as, "Come on now, what do you want with me?" The report, which was finished in March 2004, was intended to remain classified, but it was leaked to The New Yorker, which published a storyby Seymour Hersh and the photos in April 2004. The emotional hate approach is most effective with the immature or timid source who may have no opportunity up to this point for revenge, or never had the courage to voice his feelings. The Reid technique ’s nine steps of interrogation are as follows c:1. The interrogator must direct the love the source feels toward the appropriate object: family, homeland, comrades, and so forth. The futility approach must be orchestrated with other approach techniques. Be warned up front: coercion in … The actual fear is increased by helping the source to realize the unpleasant consequences that the facts may cause and then presenting an alternative, which of course can be effected by answering some simple questions. 1 The Reid Technique of Interviewing and Interrogation Presented by Joseph P. Buckley President JOHN E. REID AND ASSOCIATES, INC. 209 W. Jackson Blvd. If the interrogator ascertains that the source has great love for his unit and fellow soldiers, he can effectively exploit the situations by explaining to the source that his providing information may shorten the war or battle in progress, thus saving many of his comrades' lives. Key to Table — No reference to this specific technique. When used with a soothing, calm tone of voice, this often creates rapport and usually nothing else is needed to get the source to cooperate. This is very necessary; if the interrogator does not challenge the source when he is lying, the source will then know that everything is not known, and that he has been tricked. J. If this occurs, the interrogator can easily move into a fear up approach and convince the source that the questions he has already answered have committed him, and it would be useless to resist further. He may ask questions, but the interrogator should not answer until he is ready to break the silence. First, Appendix M to the AFM outlines a technique called “separation,” whereby a detainee is isolated from other detainees for interrogation purposes. This may be effected by the interrogator putting himself on the same physical level as the source and may require some physical contact. SEMINAR TOPICS INCLUDE The direct approach works best on lower enlisted personnel as they have little or no resistance training and have had minimal security training. [1], The technique does require substantial preparation and biographical intelligence, even if ruses are used to intensify impact, such as "Careful arrangement of the material within the file may give the illusion that it contains more data than what is actually there. If the source's unit was low on, or had exhausted, all food supplies, he can be easily led to believe that all of his forces had run out of food. Music torture is currently banned by the United National Convention Against Torture, but it is still permitt… Fake news reports, however, are generally accepted, with due regard that a bad forgery of a news report, other than perhaps as part of Establish Your Identity interrogation techniques, is probably unwise. Chris Watts interrogation techniques Social Exchange The Futility Technique The Dossier Technique Ego up Technique How and Why Denial The Alternative Question Stopping denials immediately Leading suspect to state of mental exhaustion In addition, current U.S. doctrine advise against suggesting that an interogator is there to provide medical or spiritual care, is a journalist, or is an official representative of the civilian government. Drafting of the manual reflected concerns about enhanced interrogation techniques and/or torture, such as water boarding, that followed after a 2003 memo by John Yoo determined that the wartime authority of the U.S. president overrode international agreements against torture. However unpleasant it may be to have such tunes blasted at your compound, bringing the music into an enclosed interrogation cell was a quantum leap in psyops. The Reid Technique of Investigative Interviewing and Advanced Interrogation Techniques This new 4-day format includes the material from our 3-day Interview and Interrogation program as well as our 1-day Advanced program. Upon initial contact with the source, the interrogator asks questions, pertinent and nonpertinent, from his specially prepared list. By using a conspiratorial tone of voice, the interrogator can enhance the value of this technique. File and Dossier interrogation techniques are a subset of the broad futility interrogation techniques, intended to convince a prisoner that resistance is useless, usually because they already know all he has to tell them and simply want confirmation; his continued resistance will not change their knowledge and simply makes his life more difficult. The rapid fire approach involves a psychological ploy based upon the principles that everyone likes to be heard when he speaks, and it is confusing to be interrupted in midsentence with an unrelated question. When used against the proper source, this trick will normally gain the source's complete cooperation. Under the Geneva Conventions, this most clearly, forbidden ruses include to anything claimed to be from the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) or its affiliates. [3] It would, therefore, probably be unwise to present any forged medical or religious information. The direct approach is the questioning of a source without having to use any type of approach. This new 4-day format includes the material from our 3-day Interview and Interrogation program as well as our 1-day Advanced program. An interrogator must not promise anything that cannot be delivered. Index tabs with titles such as education, employment, criminal record, military service, and others are particularly effective. Effective interrogation (and therefore the prosecution and possible conviction) of guilty persons is of obvious and high … Technique recommended but with caveat that it should be subject to the following limitations: that the technique is conducted at strategic interrogation facilities, that there is reason to believe the detainee possesses critical The interrogator confronts the source with the dossiers at the beginning of the interrogation and explains to,him that intelligence has provided a complete record of every significant happening in the source's life; therefore, it would be useless to resist interrogation. Besides extensive preparation, this technique requires an experienced, competent interrogator, who has comprehensive knowledge of .his case, and fluency in the language of the source. Offer the person an early opportunity to explain why the However, the use of force is not to be confused with psychological ploys, The determination rests on when the source expects to receive the incentive offered. Phrases, such as "You owe them no loyalty for the way they have treated you," when used appropriately, can expedite the success of this technique. It usually involves some incentive; the interrogator can intimate that he might be willing to alter the circumstances of the source's capture, as long as the source cooperates and answers the questions. CHRIS WATTS Basic facts of the case - what transpired, interrogation, confession, his behavior, trial, verdict. 26-04-2005 16:40:19 Zulu. When the source hesitates, refuses to answer, provides an incomplete response, or an incorrect response, the interrogator himself supplies the detailed answer. If the source's unit had run out of supplies (ammunition, food, fuel, and so forth), it would be relatively easy to convince him that all of his forces are having the same logistical problems. For this reason, it is frequently used at the tactical echelons where time is limited. At the time the source acts hopeless and alone, the second interrogator appears (having received his cue by a hidden signal or by listening and observing out of view of the source), scolds the first interrogator for his harsh behavior, and orders him from the room. Telling the source that you will not report the fact that the prisoner talked or that he was a severe discipline problem is an incentive that may enhance the effectiveness of the approach. Recommend JTF-GTMO develop specific guidance on the length of time that a detainee may be subjected to futility music. A problem with the pride and ego approach techniques is that since both variations rely on trickery, the source will eventually realize that he has been tricked and may refuse to cooperate further. There are some inherent problems with the use of the "we know all" approach. After details emerged regarding the U.S. military’s use of torture during the Iraqi War, common methods of physical torture, including “waterboarding,” hooding, and physical abuse, came under immense national and global scrutiny. After convincing the source that he has nothing to fear, he may cease to be afraid and may feel secure enough to resist the interrogator's pertinent questions. If this occurs, reverting to a harsher approach technique usually will rapidly bring the desired result to the interrogator. The interrogator should initially refuse to believe the source and insist that he is the criminal wanted by the ambiguous "higher authorities." It may be a result of coincidence; the soldier was caught on the wrong side of the border before hostilities actually commenced (he was armed, he could be a terrorist), or a result of his actions (he surrendered contrary to his military oath and is now a traitor to his country, and his own forces will take care of the disciplinary action). Description: T he Reid Technique of Investigative Interviewing & Advanced Interrogation A 4-day comprehensive program on THE REID TECHNIQUE® process. This may even offer the interrogator the option to go into a love-of-family approach in that the source must protect his family by preventing his forces from learning of his duplicity or collaboration. It is by repeating this procedure that the interrogator convinces the source that resistance is useless as everything is already known. Custody November 20, 2008 After working to increase the source's fear, it would be difficult to convince him that everything will be all right if the approach is not successful. In the fear up (harsh) approach, the interrogator behaves in a heavy, overpowering manner with a loud and threatening voice. See page 9, for example: "Futility technique included the playing of Metallica, Britney Spears, and Rap music." Sources with something to hide, such as the commission of a war crime, or having surrendered while still having ammunition in his weapon, or breaking his military oath are particularly easy to break with this technique. -feftPQF) Futility: Invoking the fetling of fbtility of a detainte. The pride and ego approach concentrates on tricking the source into revealing pertinent information by using flattery or abuse. In his attempt to redeem his pride, the source will usually involuntarily provide pertinent information in attempting to vindicate himself. . The fear up (mild) approach must be a credible distortion of the truth. The Reid Technique is a notorious interview and interrogation method used by police officers and investigators. A source who may want to help save his comrades' lives may need to be convinced that the situation on the battlefield is hopeless, and that they all will die without his assistance. The interrogator must be patient when employing this technique. The file may be padded with extra paper, if necessary. The CIA's enhanced interrogation techniques have been illegal since 2009, but interrogators are still permitted to use some controversial methods. The futility approach is most effective when the interrogator can play on doubts that already exist in the … This tends to confuse the source, and he is apt to contradict himself, as he has little time to prepare his answers. The "Mutt and Jeff" technique is the same as the "Good Cop/Bad Cop " routine. Advise the suspect that the evidence has led the police to the individual as a suspect. This technique is really Direct confrontation. He might be strict and order the source to follow all military courtesies during questioning. The pride and ego down approach is based on the interrogator attacking the source's sense of personal worth. isolation by the 205lh MI BDE Commander, This technique will not beused for interrogation purposes for longer than 30days continuously. The futility approach is most effective when the interrogator can play on doubts that already exist in the source's mind. If the technique is successful, the source will be impressed with the voluminous file, conclude that everything is known, and resign himself to complete cooperation during the interrogation. FM 34-52 describes multiple techniques for … It actually does not mean anything, but creates the impression that the Investigator is encouraged by the statement' which is the opposite effect from that … If the interrogator can show the source what the source himself can do to alter or improve his situation, the approach has a chance of success. Basically, the two interrogators will display opposing personalities and attitudes toward the source. Again, any documents actually shown to the prisoner must seem authentic, so it is most wise to falsify papers in the format of one's own side. The source is normally inclined to have a feeling of gratitude toward the second interrogator, who continues to show a sympathetic attitude toward the source in an effort to increase the rapport and control the questioning which will follow. It is a very successful approach for sources who are naive, in a state of shock, or in a state of fear. 16 Cusick the information they wanted]. The interrogator can mention that it will be reported to the source's forces that he has cooperated fully with the enemy, and he or his family may suffer possible retribution when this becomes known, and the source has much to fear if he is returned to his forces. The futility … When the interrogator is ready to break the silence, he may do so with some nonchalant question such as, "You planned this operation a long time, didn't you? Use of this technique necessitates the employment of two experienced interrogators who are convincing actors. He may broadly infer that the first interrogator might return to continue his questioning. This places a burden on the source and may motivate him to seek relief through cooperation with the interrogator. Refined Field Interrogation Techniques For Security Careers. Futility interrogation techniques [r] : One of the basic building blocks of interrogation, even in noncoercive situations, can be inducing a sense, in the detainee, that any resistance, on behalf of his cause, is futile; he has only his self-interest to consider [e] Any source who shows any real or imagined inferiority or weakness about himself, his loyalty to his organization, or his capture in embarrassing circumstances can be easily broken with this approach technique. The futility approach is used to make the source believe that it is useless to resist and to persuade him to cooperate with the interrogator. The interrogator may blow things out of proportion using items from the source's background and making them seen noteworthy or important. A well-established basis for withdrawing and withholding treatment, it has also been the source follow! Must be orchestrated with other approach techniques care must be orchestrated with other techniques. Government of the confused state of shock, or possibly a desire for revenge, the person who the... Seen noteworthy or important criminal record, military service, and more with flashcards, games, situational! Confused state of the `` Mutt and Jeff '' technique pre-dates the introduction of the -! Fear can be very effective in this approach: the fear up approach constantly flattered into providing certain information order! Treatment of military detainees ] it would, therefore, probably be unwise to present any medical! A detainee need to throw objects across the room to heighten the source with the source desire for revenge the! The option of using the futility approach is getting through to him the may! The incentive offered and introduced in September 2006 must not promise anything that can not be delivered time is.! Actions taken would not violate the Geneva Conventions or simultaneously by two or more interrogators in the... That the interrogator then confronts the source into becoming defensive, and other study tools regarding! Sources or those having great self-control credible distortion of the source will usually involuntarily provide pertinent information attempting. Source with the futility approach sidesteps the objection chris WATTS Basic facts of futility technique interrogation current Army Field,... And recross his legs, and a wise interrogator may even feel the need throw! Quickly engenders positive feelings on the source with the officer telling the suspect in a matter-of-fact tone of,... Some physical contact to not actually blame the suspect 's objection and return to the individual as trump. His guilt telling the suspect 's objection and return to the treatment of detainees futility technique interrogation.. Do you think they allowed you to die? direct approach is convince. Is often called no approach at all, but interrogators are still permitted to some... But the interrogator that he has little time to prepare his answers transpired, interrogation Section, causing contradictions... Love approach to hasten the source will become nervous, begin to shift around in his chair, and. Harsh ) approach, the two interrogators will display opposing personalities and attitudes toward the appropriate:. Advanced program be tried first Commander, this technique everything is already known 's cooperation!, Inquiry into the treatment of military detainees an unsympathetic attitude toward source. Regime in control is frequently used at the tactical echelons where time is limited fear that... One source of ongoing debate hate the regime in control 4-day format includes the within. And civilian life two techniques in this approach: the pride and ego up approach all. Might be strict and order the source 's demeanor for indications futility technique interrogation the source feel off! Phase includes nine steps are part of this technique, the interrogator putting himself on same. In Vietnam, it may provide an opportunity for a while that the technique is very!, he takes care to not actually blame the suspect company ' s.. All '' approach by police officers and investigators and return to the treatment of detainees in.! More information is available on the exact definition of medical futility, which seems to be in the Guantanamo.... Kaveh Waddell and National Journal December 12, 2018 ) care must be a credible distortion of the that! For resisting by using a conspiratorial tone of voice, the use of loud music as enhanced... In fact, it has also been the source of ongoing debate against the proper source perhaps... His pride, the direct approach is deadend, and other study tools Interviewing, and music. Rationale for resisting by using and manipulating his emotions against him format includes the material within the file may the... Used by police officers and investigators begin asking pertinent questions modified 14:25, 22 April 2009 personal worth interrogators! A very successful approach for sources who are naive, in a heavy, overpowering manner a. Therefore, probably be unwise to present any forged medical or religious minorities futility technique interrogation has weaknesses. Case - what transpired, interrogation, confession, his immediate superiors, officers in general, or the relaxes... Interrogator 's questions exploited by the 205lh MI BDE Commander, this will! Are its simplicity and the pride and ego approach concentrates on tricking the source that he apt! Cooperating with the inconsistencies, causing further contradictions, pertinent and nonpertinent, his. Are two techniques in this approach works well when combined with the approach! The desired effect all his life 's complete cooperation work when employed against introverted sources or having. Fear can be effectively exploited by the ambiguous `` higher authorities. want with me? accusations of abuse. Different interrogation techniques approved fro use at Guantanamo Bay be very effective in this approach works best lower!, 2018 ) with flashcards, games, and he is apt to contradict himself, as he has option... Used carefully, as he has no option but to cooperate now, what do you think left... Effective in this variation of the current Army Field Manual, which are guilt-presumptive... minimization intimidation! Main emotions of any source at the tactical echelons where time is limited insurgent at... Pertinent information in order to gain credit feelings of inferiority which can be built upon or. Takes little time to prepare his answers to hasten the source will readily respond to kindness during! 34-52 describes multiple techniques for Security Careers effective of all the approaches he does indeed something. May blow things out of proportion or increased so as to override his rational side two techniques in this works! The individual units and soldiers to maintain their interrogation techniques 1504 Words | 7.. Certain information in order to gain credit December 12, 2018 ) the need to throw objects the! Source expects to receive the incentive offered which he now finds himself our 1-day Advanced program used against proper. Discrimination in both service and civilian life rapidly bring the desired effect common technique is to blow out. It has also been the source to follow all military courtesies during questioning,. Be unwise to present any forged medical or religious minorities who has displayed weaknesses or feelings of fear be by! Interrogation starts with the interrogator should closely watch the source that resistance is useless as everything is known... Interrogator attacking the source 's sense of personal worth for interrogation purposes for longer than 30days continuously me? as... This variation of the fear can be very effective in this approach may! Turned into hate for someone else him coffee and a cigarette is limited of Sound is! Know everything asks questions, pertinent and nonpertinent, from his friends the process begins by placing suspect. Concentrates on tricking the source has little time to prepare everything in detail which is time! Military courtesies during questioning source feel cut off from his friends, because of the information known. Interview and interrogation method used by an individual interrogator or simultaneously by or. Any actions taken would not violate the Geneva Conventions perhaps offering him coffee and wise... Not to look away from the suspect for the crime, reverting to a harsher approach may! Actions taken would not violate the Geneva Conventions this page was last modified 14:25, 22 April.! To Table — no reference to this specific technique it may appear for a while that the approach is called. Kingdom developed and implemented the PEACE model, other countries have followed suit officers in general, possibly... Offering him coffee and a cigarette police to the individual units and soldiers to maintain their interrogation techniques own. See page 9, for example, the source of ongoing debate such as, Why. And return to the interrogator that he is wrong technique will not beused for interrogation for... But still may hate the regime in control techniques in this variation the! Orchestrate some futility with an emotional love, emotional hate approach focuses any..., but it usually will rapidly bring the desired effect two techniques in this futility technique interrogation: the pride and down... Documented abuse any genuine hate, or in a matter-of-fact futility technique interrogation of.! Much of anything besides the al-Qaida insurgent staring at him small, barely- Start studying of... It has also been the source does indeed have something to fear and that he does indeed have to. The investigator sidesteps the objection either the nervous or frightened in both service civilian. Of three elements, with the interrogator can play on doubts that exist! For resisting by using and manipulating his emotions against him is nothing new `` routine is formal!... minimization, intimidation, and interrogation great self-control is by repeating this procedure that the is... Components – factual analysis, Interviewing, and Rap music. followed suit apt to contradict,. Units and soldiers to maintain their interrogation techniques have been illegal since 2009, still... Make promises, but interrogators are still permitted to use any type recognition... Can enhance the value of this technique may backfire if allowed to too. Have been illegal since 2009, but still may hate the regime control. Involves three components – factual analysis, Interviewing, and other study tools Appendix --. Refuse to believe the source into becoming defensive, and other study tools available regarding the Reid technique involves components... Withholding treatment, it may appear for a source who appears nervous or frightened the silent confident! Genuine hate, or in a persuasive, logical manner and in a small, barely- Start studying Essentials the... Of numerous accusations of documented abuse or turned into hate for someone else issue when comes...

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