121 ff : and she sought out the wife of jealous Zephyros (West-Wind), Iris (Rainbow), the messenger of Zeus when he is in a hurry--for she wished to send her swift as the wind from heaven with a message for shadowy Hypnos (Hypnus, Sleep). How can your hearts so storm within you? . ", Stasinus of Cyprus or Hegesias of Aegina, Cypria Fragment 1 (from Proclus, Chrestomanthia) (trans. O'Neill) (Greek comedy C5th to 4th B.C.) ☆ Iris » She is the Greek - Roman Messenger Goddess who forms the Rainbow Bridge between Heaven and Earth. . 189 ff (trans. But change your shape, take the ugly form of Hypnos' mother the blackgirdled goddess Nyx (Night); take a false name and become darkness . 115 ff : Statius, Thebaid 10. . fool! 6 ff (trans. . Ovid, Metamorphoses 11. Did you present yourself to the officers in command of the jays? For the immortal court of Zeus will not receive you without hard work, and the Horai (Horae, Seasons) will not open the gates of Olympos to you unless you have struggled for the prize. ", Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 1. Never does she unloose her girdle or her swift hunting-boots lest her mistress give her some sudden command. . Del. IRIS (Iris), a daughter of Thaumas (whence she is called Thaumantias, Virg. After that, go to the seacoast where the bronze anvils of Hephaistos (Hephaestus) are pounded by his mighty hammers, and tell him to let his bellows sleep till Argo has passed by. fool! . She found him on the slopes of nuptial Orkhomenos (Orchomenus) . ", Ovid, Metamorphoses 14. Campbell, Vol. . Fast flies the goddess and bids the hero quickly perform his sire's commands, and pours the glad message into his eager ears. Mozley) (Roman epic C1st A.D.) : Statius, Silvae 3. ", Nonnus, Dionysiaca 20. ", Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica 4. Legends differ about her life as an adult. 830, &c.) Some poets describe Iris actually as the rainbow itself, but Servius (ad Aen v. 610) states that the rainbow is only the road on which Iris travels, and which therefore appears whenever the goddess wants it, and vanishes when it is no longer needed: and it would seem that this latter notion was the more prevalent one in antiquity. 1 ff (trans. Day-Lewis) (Roman epic C1st B.C.) This Goddess had no specific myths of her own or temples dedicated to her. I need not tell you that one lovesick will do anything for hope.’ Sibling #2 was Hydaspes, he was a river god. . Mozley) (Roman epic C1st A.D.) : ‘Go on your way, swift Iris, and carry my word to Hektor (Hector) : [He gives her a message.] in Apoll. Rouse) (Greek epic C5th A.D.) : And to Aiolia (Aeolia) came she, isle of caves, of echoing dungeons of mad-raging winds with rugged ribs of mountain overarched, whereby the mansion stands of Aiolos Hippotas' son. [N.B. "Iris [sent by Juno-Hera] is bidden cherish the dead bodies [of the Argives who died at Thebes forbidden burial by Kreon (Creon)] of the princes, and laves their decaying limbs with mysterious dews and ambrosial juices, that they may resist the longer and await the pure, nor perish before the flames have seized them. Mair) (Greek poet C3rd B.C.) "Spreading her wings, the goddess [Iris] took off from earth, describing a rainbow arc under the clouds as she flew. . .’ Melville) (Roman epic C1st B.C. "Zeus . A complete bibliography of the translations quoted on this page. Rhod. Mozley) (Roman epic C1st A.D.) : 1. 391, 555; Plut. . Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or 7th B.C.) Iris of the swift feet stood beside her and spoke to her : ‘Come with me, dear girl, to behold the marvellous things done by Trojans, breaker of horses, and bronze-armoured Akhaians (Achaeans), who just now carried sorrowful war against each other, in the plain, and all their desire was for deadly fighting; now they are all seated in silence, the fighting has ended; they lean on their shields, the tall spears stuck in the ground beside them. I know nothing about that, not I. There a star from heaven dropped gliding to the ground and by its glow set the queen's hair ablaze, and with the star Hersilie ascended to the sky. But they won't pass this way. . . . As those times when out of the clouds the snow or the hail whirls cold beneath the blast of the north wind born in the bright air, so rapidly in her eagerness winged Iris, the swift one, and stood beside the famed shaker of the earth and spoke to him : ‘I have a certain message for you, dark-haired, earth-encircler, and came here to bring it to you from Zeus of the aegis. Her genealogy too supports the opinion that Iris was originally the personification of the rainbow. : Hesiod, Catalogues of Women Fragment 42 (from Scholiast on Apollonius Rhodius 2.297) (trans. . Greek Lyric I) (Greek lyric C6th B.C.) 103 ff : 77 ff (trans. She stood bowing low, and bent down her head to kiss Rheia’s feet with suppliant lips. 27, xvii. Some legends also hold she used her pitcher to collect water from the River Styx, the shadowy river separating the world of human beings from the underworld. Aristophanes, Birds 574 (trans. : Iris is a goddess of the sea and sky. Lamb) (Greek philosopher C4th B.C.) ", Nonnus, Dionysiaca 31. Hymn. Noisless her step she stayed, in silence voiceless pressed her lips, a slave before the forest queen. "Yet even with Heaven against them [the Boreades], the long chase would certainly have ended with their tearing the Harpyai (Harpies) to pieces when they overtook them at the Ekhinades (Echidnades), but for Iris of the swift feet, who when she saw them leapt down from Olympos through the sky and checked them with these words : ‘Sons of Boreas, you may not touch the Harpyai with your swords: they are the hounds of almighty Zeus. Quickly she reached the hill of Romulus with Thaumantea [Iris]. "From the bed of primeval Thaumas his rosyarm consort Elektra (Electra) . Good/Evil Rating: NEUTRAL, may not care Popularity index: 5927 Eris is the Greek goddess of strife and discord. . 10 (trans. . Lattimore) (Greek epic C8th B.C.) As for you, his messenger, if you annoy me, I shall begin by getting between your thighs, and even though you are Iris, you will be surprised at the erection the old man can produce; it's three times as good as the ram on a ship's prow! Iris was a goddess of sea and sky--her father Thaumas "the wondrous" was a marine-god, and her mother Elektra "the amber" a cloud-nymph. She observes the vast assembly, and then, scanning the shore, sees the deserted harbour, the ships left unattended. (Il. 102, &c.) In accordance with these functions of Iris, her name is commonly derived from erô eirô; so that Iris would mean "the speaker or messenger:" but it is not impossible that it may be connected with eirô, "I join," whence eirênê ; so that Iris, the goddess of the rainbow, would be the joiner or conciliator, or the messenger of heaven, who restores peace in nature. . 80 ff (trans. 196 ff : 3. With regard to her functions, which we have above briefly described, we may further observe, that the Odyssey never mentions Iris, but only Hermes as the messenger of the gods: in the Iliad, on the other hand, she appears most frequently, and on the most different occasions. ", Virgil, Aeneid 5. She was a friend of slaves, sinners, artisans, the oppressed, who also listened to the prayers of the rich, the maidens, the aristocrats and the rulers. : Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica 2. Wondering she drank a sop of the newfound wine, delighted and excited; then with heavy head the spirit told the will of Zeus to the son of Zeus : ‘O mighty Dionysos! Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) : Nonnus, Dionysiaca 26. p. 645; comp. In addition to her colorful job as rainbow goddess, Iris is also a messenger of the gods. It is told that irises were planted at the graves of women. [He relates his message about the ransom of the body of Hektor (Hector). Why, of ourselves, the gods of heaven. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C7th - 4th B.C.) 103 ff (trans. Faliscan Red Figure Vase Painting C4th B.C. 340 ff : "Iris glided down to earth along her many-coloured bow. The iron hammers ceased, the smoky bellows blew no more. The rainbow itself is caused by some coloration of the clouds. ]’ "Father Zeus sent Iris to the divine halls of Rheia, to inform wakethefray Dionysos, that he must drive out of Asia with his avenging thyrsus the proud race of Indians untaught of justice: he was to sweep from the sea the horned son of a river, Deriades the king, and teach all nations the sacred dances of the vigil and the purple fruit of vintage. Hermeias (Hermes) hardly could win his way to heaven, and only when he had killed with his rod Argos the cowherd, sparkling with eyes from his feet to the hair of his head, and when he had set Ares free from prison [captured in a jar by the Aloidai (Aloadae)]. de Plac. Iris was the sister of the Harpies—Okypete and Aello. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or 7th B.C.) "And seldom does the daughter of Thaumas, fleet-footed Iris, come her [Styx's] way with a message across the sea's wide ridges, those times when dispute and quarrelling start among the immortals, and some one of those who have their homes on Olympos (Olympus) is lying, and Zeus sends Iris to carry the many-storied water [of the Styx] that the gods swear their great oath on, thence, in a golden pitcher. They in a flash of speed winged their way onward. 138 ff (trans. 85 ff (trans. > According to Hesiod's Theogony, Iris is the daughter of Thaumas and the Oceanid Electra, and the sister of the Harpies: Aello and Ocypete. . Your father bids you destroy the race of Indians, untaught of piety. . 409.). ", Callimachus, Hymn 4 to Delos 62 & 153 ff (trans. Melville) (Roman epic C1st B.C. Iris : I am swift Iris. In later poets she appears on the whole in the same capacity as in the Iliad, but she occurs gradually more and more exclusively in the service of Hera, both in the later Greek and Latin poets. .’ Mozley) (Roman epic C1st A.D.) : ", Homer, Iliad 24. And she had two look-outs to keep watch upon the earth. 145 ff : to C1st A.D.) : 167 ff : methinks I can hear the rustle of the swift wings of a god from heaven. Pyrokinesis: She can use light from her rainbows to create multicolored flames and burns to ward off enemies. v. 606; Apollon. She further performs her services not only when commanded, but she sometimes advises and assists of her own accord (iii. . and they bade Iris call her aside from white-armed Hera, lest she might afterwards turn her from coming with her words. Lamb) (Greek philosopher C4th B.C.) 5) and Electra, and sister of the Harpies. These were holding assembly standing close at hand swift-running Iris spoke to them, and likened her voice to that of the son of Priamos (Priam), Polites . . Blindness Inducement:Through u… The iris is represented in Greek mythology. Speaking so the goddess left in her heart sweet longing after her husband of time before, and her city and parents. 80 ff (trans. 1.1. ].’ ", Nonnus, Dionysiaca 26. Some stories describe her as unmarried and primarily a messenger for the Olympian gods. not a beat of your wing! . Way) (Greek epic C4th A.D.) : Ovid, Metamorphoses 14. Iris is shown with wings, a ( kerykeion ) herald's staff, and a pitcher of water. So she spake and seated her beside the golden throne, even as a hunting hound of Artemis, which, when it hath ceased from the swift chase, sitteth by her feet, and its ears are erect, ever ready to receive the call of the goddess. 1. 585 ff : You know the Erinnyes (Furies), how they forever side with the elder.’ 115 ff : . . 53 ff : 80 ff (trans. Greek Lyric III) (Greek lyric C7th to 6th B.C.) She acted as the link between heaven and earth. "She [Juno-Hera] determines to make the Aonians [Thebans during the War of the Seven], sunk in the timeless bliss of slumber, a prey to death, and bids her own Iris gird herself with her wonted circles, and commits to her all her task. Who are you and from what country? "Swift wind-footed Iris came running from Olympos with a message for Peleus' son [Akhilleus (Achilles)] to arm. I shall send more than six hundred porphyrions (water-hens) clothed in leopards' skins up to heaven against him; and formerly a single Porphyrion [the giant-king that attacked heaven] gave him enough to do. . Melville) (Roman epic C1st B.C. I believe it was a great match for company culture, that brings together people to communicate, create, and change the world. . 201. xviii. Rackham) (Roman rhetorician C1st B.C.) that Paris has abducted Helene]. Leto is undoing her girdle within and island. 479 ff : Iris' mother was Electra, an Oceanid. Iris, glory of the sky, cloud-borne. Rouse) (Greek epic C5th A.D.) : Hesiod, Theogony 780 ff (trans. The ancient Greeks considered Iris the female counterpart of Hermes. Mozley) (Roman epic C1st A.D.) : Fairbanks) (Greek rhetorician C3rd A.D.) : Ovid, Metamorphoses 1. The old god chose Morpheus to undertake Thaumantias' [Iris'] commands. For the coastal-dwelling Greeks, the rainbow's arc was most often seen spanning the distance beteween cloud and sea, and so the goddess was believed to replenish the rain-clouds with water from the sea. She is sibling to Arke, Aello, Celaeno, and Ocypete. ", Cicero, De Natura Deorum 3. ", Homer, Iliad 15. She was the messenger of the gods, and would ride on the rainbow to and from Earth in her beautiful, multicolored robes. 288, 432; Ov. p. 155. d; Plut. As the sun unites Earth and heaven, Iris links the gods to humanity. "He [the River Hydaspes] had the genuine Titan blood; for from the bed of primeval Thaumas his rosyarm consort Elektra (Electra) brought forth two children--from that bed came a River and a messenger of the heavenly ones, Iris quick as the wind and swiftly flowing Hydaspes, Iris travelling on foot and Hydaspes by water. "The goddess [Aphrodite] departed in pain [from the Trojan battlefield], hurt badly [by Diomedes], and Iris wind-footed took her by the hand and led her away from the battle, her lovely skin blood-darkened, wounded and suffering . ", Homer, Iliad 5. .’ xiv. She is principally engaged in the service of Zeus, but also in that of Hera, and even serves Achilles in calling the winds to his assistance. Hesiod, Theogony 265 ff (trans. For I will say this straight out, and it will be a thing accomplished: [He gives her his message. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C7th or 6th B.C.) 350 ff (trans. Rieu) (Greek epic C3rd B.C.) Pothos]! : Here Hermes, messenger of the gods, is closely connected with rainbow. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or C7th B.C.) Iris obeyed and gliding down to earth along her many-coloured bow addressed Hersilie in the words prescribed; and she in awe and reverence would hardly raise her eyes. Her Roman equivalent is Discordia, which means "discord". . Last of all, she went to Aiolos, the famous son of Hippotas, and when she had given him too her message, she rested her swift limbs, the errand done. . "[Zeus] the son of Kronos (Cronus) stirred Iris to go down to sacred Ilion [Troy], saying : ‘Go forth, Iris the swift, leaving your place on Olympos, and go to Priamos (Priam) of the great heart within Ilion, tell him to . Iris is a major supporting character in the Goddess Girls (Series), and is the goddessgirl of rainbows.She has been sent by Principal Zeus to go down to the River Styx on high demand, so it is likely for her to get along with Zeus too. This colorful image led to the naming of the flower and to the colored part of the eye. . Eleusis, and there finding dark-cloaked Demeter in her temple spake to her and uttered winged words : ‘Demeter, father Zeus, whose wisdom is everlasting, calls you to come join the tribes of the eternal gods: come therefore, and let not the message I bring from Zeus pass unobeyed.’ Thus said Iris imploring her. Theoi Project © Copyright 2000 - 2017 Aaron J. Atsma, Netherlands & New Zealand, (Hesiod Theogony 265, Apollodorus 1.10, Hyginus Pref, Nonnus Dionysiaca 26.350), (Plato Theatetus 155d, Callimachus Hymn 5, Ptolemy Hephaestion 6, Ovid Met. : . Areas of Influence: Iris Goddess of the rainbow and messenger to the Gods. She spoke so, and went away. .’ But tell me, where are you flying to? IRIS was the goddess of the rainbow and the messenger of the Olympian gods. "And the chlamys he [Amphion] wears, perhaps that also came from Hermes; for its colour does not remain the same but changes and takes on all the hues of the rainbow." 168, Hymn. [Iris] the golden fashioner of clouds . : Stesichorus, Fragment 222B (trans. Apollon mastered Delphyne [Python], and then he came to live in the sky. Hesiod, Theogony 265 ff (trans. . But Menelaos (Menelaus) the warlike and Alexandros (Alexander) [Paris] will fight with long spears against each other for your possession. . ", Homer, Iliad 24. "Nothing of this escaped Hera . ", Callimachus, Hymn 4 to Delos 216 ff : Iris : I? She was often described as the handmaiden and personal messenger of Hera. . And you still dare to complain? Iris was the goddess of the rainbow and a messenger for Zeus and Hera, and many believe that the flower is named after her. Leading the procession of the gods for a Lydian or a Phrygian and what is iris the goddess of! Birds 1196 ff ( trans a slave before the forest queen. `` on and! 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