It is 4% more efficient than the CFM56, with cruise thrust specific fuel consumption for the -A5 at 0.574 and 0.596 lb/lbf/h (16.3 and 16.9 g/kN/s) for the CFM56-5A1. Its closest Boeing competitors are the 737-900/900ER,[86] and the 757-200. [10][15] However, works proceeded, and the German carrier would eventually order the twinjet. The first V2500 variant, the V2500-A1, has a thrust output of 25,000 pounds-force (110 kN),[21] hence the name. [11] The shrink was achieved through the removal of four fuselage frames fore and three aft of the wing, cutting the overall length by 3.73 metres (12 ft 3 in). The name "Airbus" at the time referred to a BEA requirement, rather than to the later international programme. [49], In 2006, Airbus tested three styles of winglet intended to counteract the wing's induced drag and wingtip vortices more effectively than the previous wingtip fence. Photo: Airbus. [113], Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era, For the Airbus A320neo or New Engine Option variants, see, Final assembly in France (Toulouse), Germany (Hamburg), China (Tianjin), and the United States (Mobile, Alabama), At 30 September 2017, Airbus still list American Airlines and US Airways as separate operators. Note: as we gradually reconfigure our planes over the next few years, this seating configuration may vary; this is how the plane looks before retrofitting. It is used on short-haul domestic and international flights. Airbus A320-200; Number in fleet: 77: Passenger capacity: Up to 180: Length: 37.6m (123 feet 3 inches) Wingspan: 34.1m (111 feet 11 inches) Height: 11.8m (38 feet 7 inches) Engines: 2x IAE V2500 or 2x CFM International LEAP 1A engines: Maximum speed: 828km/h (511mph, Mach 0.78) Range: up to … [53] They save US$220,000 and 700 t of CO2 per aircraft per year. This now allows up to 189 seats on the A320, and up to 160 seats on the A319. Airbus sees a market for 1,000 narrowbody conversions over the 2020-2040 period. Up to 150 seats can be configured within the Airbus A320 cabin, and the aircraft can travel 5,280 nm. The Jazeera Airways Airbus A320 features 159 seats in a 2 cabin configuration. The A320ceo initially competed with the 737 Classic and the MD-80, then their successors, the 737 Next Generation and the MD-90, while the 737 MAX is Boeing's response to the A320neo. Following a merger, "ACJ Analysis" Business & Commercial Aviation Magazine – July 2002, Page 44, impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on aviation, Competition between Airbus and Boeing § Airbus A320 vs Boeing 737, Escadron de Transport, d'Entraînement et de Calibration, List of Airbus A320neo family orders and deliveries, List of accidents and incidents involving the Airbus A320 family, Pakistan International Airlines Flight 8303, "US Airways' final flight closes curtain on another major airline", "A320 has repaid faith of Airbus – and governments", "La transformation des modes d'action de l'État à travers l'histoire du programme Airbus", "AIRBUS AIRCRAFT 2018 AVERAGE LIST PRICES* (USD millions)", "A320 launch and first delivery of A300-600", "Air France: launch customer of the A320", "More than 80 orders for the planned A320", "How Is An Aircraft Built > Final Assembly And Tests", "Tianjin becomes eastern cousin of Toulouse", "Airbus inaugurates Hamburg's fourth A320 Family production line", "Airbus A320, A220 Evolution Considered As Mobile Expands", "Airbus inaugurates new A320 structure assembly line in Hamburg", "A320 family embarks on approach to 10,000 deliveries", "More aircraft production rate cuts coming? The AE31X project was terminated by September 1998, after which Airbus officially announced an aircraft of its own, the A318,[11] at that year's Farnborough Airshow. After entering the market on 18 April 1988 with Air France, Airbus then expanded the A320 family rapidly, launching the 185-seat A321 in 1989 and first delivered it in 1994; launching the 124-seat A319 in 1993 and delivering it in 1996; and launching the 107-seat A318 in 1999 with first deliveries in 2003.[73]. [15], The programme was launched on 2 March 1984. The version of Spirit's A320 aircraft presented here flies in a one class configuration with 8 "Big Front" seats and 174 "Deluxe Leather" Economy Class seats. [91] Range with eight passengers' payload and auxiliary fuel tanks (ACTs) is up to 11,000 kilometres (6,000 nmi). The A320 series has two variants, the A320-100 and A320-200. The 44.5 m (146 ft) A321 offers 185 to 230 seats. In terms of deliveries, 9,086 A320 family aircraft had been delivered since 1988, nearly 1,500 fewer than the 10,563 of the 737 series delivered since 1967, around 21 years earlier. Seating from 100 to 240 passengers and flying throughout the world, with the widest single-aisle cabin, an A320 takes off or lands every 1.6 seconds. Optimised lavatory design providing more cabin length for more seats and improved seat recline for more comfort. [50] The second type of winglet incorporated a more blended design and was designed by Winglet Technology, a company based in Wichita, Kansas. After the oil price rises of the 1970s, Airbus needed to minimise the trip fuel costs of the A320. The bulk-cargo door was replaced by an aft container door, which can take in reduced height LD3-45 containers. [11] In January 1997, an A319 broke a record during a delivery flight by flying 3,588 nautical miles (6,645 km) the great circle route to Winnipeg, Manitoba from Hamburg, in 9 hours 5 minutes. American Airlines is the world's largest airline operator of the A320 family of aircraft with 392 aircraft in service as of 30 September 2017.[3]. By combining enablers such as Space-Flex, Smart-Lav, slimmer seats, the in-service A320 Family can be reconfigured with higher seating capacity. Moving up, the smallest passenger variant of the A330, the A330-800, seats a maximum of 406. The A321 has outsold the 737-900 three to one, as the A321neo is again dominating the 737-9 MAX, to be joined by the 737-10 MAX.[81]. Both configurations have 180 Economy seats. All 1,617 delivered A320neo family aircraft were in service, while 533 A320ceo family aircraft consisting of 17 A318, 81 A319, 391 A320 and 45 A321 were out of service through retirement or write-off. Airbus A320-200 (320) Airbus A321-200 (321) Airbus A330-200 (332) ... On this aircraft, through March 30, 2021, middle seats (typically seat “D”) will be blocked from selection for parties of 1-2. In 2006, Airbus was studying a future replacement for the A320 series, tentatively dubbed NSR, for "New Short-Range aircraft". Get the best seat possible with our Air Arabia A320 seating chart and traveler seat reviews. [11] The A321 fuselage is stretched by 6.93 metres (22 ft 9 in) with a 4.27 m (14 ft 0 in) front plug immediately forward of wing and a 2.67 m (8 ft 9 in) rear plug. Final assembly of the first A319 began on 23 March 1995[16] and it was first introduced with Swissair in April 1996. [47] [38] Airbus produced a total of 42 A320s per month in 2015, and expects to increase to 50 per month in 2017. [28] A total of 4,512 of the A320ceo model have been delivered, with 220 remaining on order as of 30 September 2017. [37] After 17 months of flight certification, during which 850 hours and 350 flights were accumulated, JAA certification was obtained for the CFM56-powered variant on 23 May 2003. Power is provided by the CFM56-5A or V2500-A5, derated to 98 kN (22,000 lbf), with option for 105 kN (24,000 lbf) thrust. [62] [24], The first derivative of the A320 was the Airbus A321, also known as the Stretched A320, A320-500 and A325. [65], Airbus offers an avionics upgrade for older A320 aircraft, the In-Service Enhancement Package, to keep them updated. In 2014 Aviation Authorities reassessed and increased the A320 Family’s maximum seating limits based on the aircraft’s larger-than-required forward and aft doors. The A319CJ was used by the Escadron de Transport, d'Entraînement et de Calibration which is in charge of transportation for France's officials and also by the Flugbereitschaft of the German Air Force for transportation of Germany's officials. The Airbus Corporate Jets are business jet versions. "[69], Early A320s used the Intel 80186 and Motorola 68010. Alt text for the Airbus A320-214 (sharklet) seating configuration before retrofit. There are currently two types of A320-200 aircraft configuration in operation. This A320 has 180 seats in a one-class configuration. [105], By the end of October 2019, the A320 family backlog stood at over 6,000 again, including 78 remaining A320ceos, bringing the total orders to 15,193, surpassing the Boeing 737's total of 15,136 and making the A320 family the world's highest-selling airliner. [19] In October 1983, British Caledonian placed seven firm orders, bringing total orders to more than 80. The A320 family was developed to compete with the Boeing 737 Classics (-300/-400/-500) and the McDonnell Douglas MD-80/90 series, and has since faced challenges from the Boeing 737 Next Generation (-600/-700/-800/-900) and the 717 during its two decades in service. [11] VFW-Fokker, Dornier and Hawker Siddeley worked on a number of 150-seat designs.[10]. On this aircraft, through March 30, 2021, middle seats (typically seats “B” and “E”) will be blocked from selection for parties of 1-2. [8] Its fuel capacity is increased to 30,030 L (7,930 US gal) and its maximum takeoff weight to 93,000 kg (205,000 lb). The programme was called the AE31X, and covered the 95-seat AE316 and 115- to 125-seat AE317. [46], In 2006, Airbus started the A320 Enhanced (A320E) programme as a series of improvements targeting a 4–5% efficiency gain with large winglets (2%), aerodynamic refinements (1%), weight savings and a new aircraft cabin. [51] On 17 December 2008, Airbus announced it was to begin flight testing an existing blended winglet design developed by Aviation Partners Inc. as part of an A320 modernisation programme using the A320 prototype.[52]. To that end, it adopted composite primary structures, centre-of-gravity control using fuel, glass cockpit (EFIS) and a two-crew flight deck. [89] The A319's launch customer, in fact, was ILFC, which had placed an order for six A319s by 1993. [97] Compared to other airliners of the same class, the A320 features a wider single-aisle cabin of 3.95 metres (156 in) outside diameter,[28] compared to 3.8 m (148 in) of the Boeing 737 or 757, and larger overhead bins. Looking at passenger numbers (in a one class configuration), we can see that the A320 has been very consistent with around 190 passengers right from the start. The initial converted aircraft first flew on 22 January 2020, to be delivered to Vallair, and it secured EASA supplementary type certificate in February. [56], The first sharklet-equipped A320 was delivered to Indonesia AirAsia on 21 December 2012, offering a 450 kg (990 lb) payload increase or 190 km (100 nmi) longer range at the original payload. Three variants are based on the previous A319, A320 and A321. [59], Offering 10% more overhead bin volume, more shoulder room, a weight reduction, a new intercom and in-flight entertainment system, noise reduction and slimmer PSU, the enhanced Cabin can be retrofitted. [109], On 26 June 1988, Air France Flight 296 crashed into trees at the end of runway at Mulhouse-Habsheim Airport, three out of 130 passengers were killed. Economy has 147 seats in a 3-3 config; Business class has 12 seats in a 3-3 config; this is … This “Cabin-Flex” option increased the jetliner’s maximum certified capacity to 244 seats, while still accommodating Airbus’ modern comfort standard of at least 18-inch wide seats. The A320 is 37.6 m (123 ft) long and can accommodate 150 to 186 passengers. [3] The closest Boeing competitor is the 737-800. With a length of almost 38 m and a wingspan of 34 m, the Airbus A320-200 is capable of a cruising speed of 828 km/h/511 mph at 11,000 m/36,000 ft. It was formerly also known as the ACJ, or Airbus Corporate Jet, while starting with 2014 it has the marketing designation ACJ319. [8] These cuts reduced passenger capacity from 124 on the A319 to 107 passengers in a two-class layout. Airbus North America President Barry Eccleston stated that the earliest the aircraft could have been available was 2017. Airbus launched the sharklet blended wingtip device during the November 2009 Dubai Airshow: installation adds 200 kg (440 lb) but offers a 3.5% fuel burn reduction on flights over 2,800 km (1,500 nmi). The second production line was located at Hamburg, which would also subsequently produce the smaller Airbus A319 and A318. The Airbus A320 family are narrow-body airliners designed and produced by Airbus. [57], In 2007, Airbus introduced a new enhanced, quieter cabin with better luggage storage and a more modern look and feel, and a new galley reducing weight, increasing revenue space and improving ergonomics and design for food hygiene and recycling. Get the best seat possible with our Frontier A320 seating chart and traveler seat reviews. [71], The suppliers providing turbofan engines for the A320 series are CFM International with the CFM56, International Aero Engines offering its V2500, and Pratt & Whitney's PW6000 engines available only for the A318. The Germans requested an increased work-share of 40%, while the British wanted the major responsibilities to be swapped around to give partners production and research and development experience. [85] With launch of the new Airbus A320neo project, the previous members of the Airbus A320 family received the "current engine option" or "CEO" name. Seat Recline: The distance between a seat back in its full upright and full recline position. [15] At the time unproven, it was essentially a fan placed outside the engine nacelle, offering speed of a turbofan at turboprops economics; eventually, Airbus stuck with turbofans. Powered by two CFM International CFM56-5s or IAE V2500s with thrust ratings of 98–120 kN (22,000–27,000 lbf), its typical range with 150 passengers is 3,300 nmi / 6,100 km. [17] At this time, Airbus had 96 orders. During the year, Airbus worked with Delta Air Lines on a 150-seat aircraft envisioned and required by the airline. Lufthansa and Alitalia were the first to order the stretched Airbuses, with 20 and 40 aircraft requested, respectively. [99] On 27 October 2020, the first A321P2F was delivered to launch operator Qantas Airways, with windows and exit doors removed, and a large hydraulically actuated main cargo door installed. 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